KNOWPIADoes Not Claim To Guarantee Validity Or Accuracy Of Information

KNOWPIA is an open-content, globally-collaborative encyclopedia. It is an association of individuals and groups who voluntarily work in developing a common-access resource of knowledge available to anyone online. The endeavor is to provide a structure that allows anyone with an Internet connection to edit its content. KNOWPIA makes no claim guaranteeing the validity or accuracy of information found here. None of KNOWPIA’s content has necessarily been reviewed by anyone with the expertise required to provide a complete, accurate or reliable analysis of information herein.

That is not to say that accurate and usable information does not exist in KNOWPIA. It does. Much or the content found in KNOWPIA is correct and valuable. However, KNOWPIA cannot guarantee the validity of the information found here. The content of any given article could have been changed recently. Unfortunately, articles can be vandalized or altered by those whose opinion does not correspond with the generally-accepted state of knowledge in any relevant field. Note that most other encyclopedias and reference works also have disclaimers.

No Formal Peer Review

KNOWPIA’s active community of editors use tools to monitor new and changing content. However, KNOWPIA is not uniformly reviewed by peers or experts. Readers may correct errors in articles or engage in their own casual peer reviews, but there is no personal obligation or legal responsibility to do so. Thus all information read here is without any implied warranty of fitness for any purpose or use whatsoever. Even articles that have been vetted by informal peer review or featured article processes may later have been edited inappropriately, just prior to being viewed.

None of the contributors, sponsors, administrators or anyone else connected with KNOWPIA in any way whatsoever can be responsible for the appearance of any inaccurate or libelous information or for anyone’s use of the information contained in or linked to or from these, or any other source’s web pages.

No Contract; Limited License

Understand the information provided here is provided freely, and no kind of agreement or contract is created between you and the owners or users of this site, the owners of the servers upon which it is housed, the individual KNOWPIA contributors, any project administrators, sysops or anyone else who is in any way connected with this project or sister projects subject to your claims against them directly. You are being granted a limited license to copy anything from this site; it does not create or imply any contractual or extra contractual liability on the part of KNOWPIA or any of its agents, members, organizers or other users.

There is no agreement or understanding between you and KNOWPIA regarding your use or modification of this information beyond the Creative Commons Attribution-Share alike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL); neither is anyone at KNOWPIA  responsible should someone change, edit, modify or remove any information that you may post on  or any of its associated projects.


KNOWPIA contains material which may portray an identifiable person who is alive or deceased recently. The use of images of living or recently deceased individuals is, in some jurisdictions, restricted by laws pertaining to personal rights, independent from their copyright status. Before using these types of content, please ensure that you have the right to use it under the laws which apply in the circumstances of your intended use. You are solely responsible for ensuring that you do not infringe someone else's  personal rights.

Personality Rights

We use the information we collect from all of our services to provide, maintain, protect and improve them, to develop new ones, and to protect KNOWPIA and our users. We also use this information to offer you tailored content – like giving you more relevant search results and ads.

We use information collected from cookies and other technologies, like pixel tags, to improve your user experience and the overall quality of our services. One of the products we use to do this on our own automated systems analyze your content to provide you personally relevant product features, such as customized search suggestions, tailored advertising, and spam and malware detection.

We will ask for your consent before using information for a purpose other than those that are set out in this Privacy Policy.

Jurisdiction And Legality Of Content

Publication of information found in KNOWPIA may be in violation of the laws of the country or jurisdiction from where you are viewing this information. The KNOWPIA database is maintained in reference to the protections afforded under local and federal law. Laws in your country or jurisdiction may not protect or allow the same kinds of speech or distribution. KNOWPIA does not encourage the violation of any laws, and cannot be responsible for any violations of such laws, should you link to this domain or use, reproduce or republish the information contained herein.

Not Professional Advice

If you need specific advice (for example, medical, legal, financial or risk management), please seek a professional who is licensed or knowledgeable in that area.

KNOWPIA Does Not Give Legal Opinions

Even though it may not do so at the time of this writing, KNOWPIA will likely contain articles on many legal topics; however, no warranty whatsoever is made that any of the articles are or will be accurate. There is absolutely no assurance that any statement contained in an article touching on legal matters is true, correct or precise. Law, and the interpretation of law, varies from place to place. It evolves over time—sometimes quite quickly. Even if a statement made about the law in KNOWPIA is accurate, it may only be accurate in the jurisdiction of the person posting the information. It is also be possible the law may have changed, been modified, or overturned by subsequent development since the entry was made in KNOWPIA.

The legal information provided in KNOWPIA is, at best, of a general nature and cannot substitute for the advice of a licensed professional, which is to say by a competent authority with specialized knowledge who can apply it to the particular circumstances of a particular case. Please contact a local bar association, law society or similar association of jurists in your legal jurisdiction to obtain a referral to a competent legal professional if you do not have other means of contacting an attorney-at-law, lawyer, civil law notary, barrister or solicitor.

Neither individual contributors, nor system operators, nor developers, nor sponsors of KNOWPIA, nor anyone else connected to KNOWPIA can take any responsibility for the results or consequences of any attempt to use or adopt any of the information or disinformation presented on the knowpia web site.

Nothing on KNOWPIA.com  or of any project of Unetizen Inc., should be construed as an attempt to offer or render a legal opinion or otherwise engage in the practice of law.

KNOWPIA Does Not Give Medical Advice

KNOWPIA now contains and will contain many more articles on many medical topics; however, no warranty is made that any of the articles are accurate. There is absolutely no assurance that any statement contained or cited in an article touching on medical matters is true, correct, precise, or up-to-date. The overwhelming majority of such articles are written, in part or in whole, by nonprofessionals. Even if a statement made about medicine is accurate, it may not apply to any specific person or symptom or symptoms experienced by any group or individual.

The medical information provided in KNOWPIA is, at best, of a general nature and cannot substitute for the advice of a medical professional (for instance, a qualified doctor or physician, nurse, pharmacist, chemist, or other medical professional). KNOWPIA is neither a doctor nor medical referral service and should not be considered as such.

None of the individual contributors, system operators, developers, sponsors of KNOWPIA, or anyone else connected to KNOWPIA can take any responsibility for the results or consequences of any attempt to use or adopt any of the information presented on this web site. Nothing on KNOWPIA.com, or anything included as part of any project of Unetizen, Inc., should be construed as an attempt to offer or render a medical opinion or otherwise engage in the practice of medicine.

KNOWPIA May Contain Content That Could Be Considered Objectionably

In its function as an online encyclopedia, KNOWPIA contains numerous articles on a wide variety of topics. A fraction of these topics may be censored by educational, governmental, corporate, parental, and other filtering schemes. Some KNOWPIA articles may contain discourse, words, or language that are or could be considered profane, vulgar, or offensive by some readers. Articles may contain audio, visual, or written representations of people or events which may be protected by some cultures. KNOWPIA contains many different images, some of which are considered objectionable or offensive by some readers. For example, some articles may contain graphical depictions of violence, human anatomy, or sexual acts.

Some Articles may contain frank discussion of controversial topics. Some subjects that are discussed could have or may in fact have criminal applications in some jurisdictions. Other articles may contain information on dangerous or otherwise risky activities.

KNOWPIA may contain spoilers.

KNOWPIA may contain triggers for people with post-traumatic stress disorder.

KNOWPIA may contain images and videos which can trigger epileptic seizures and other medical conditions.

Since KNOWPIA is open to contributions from the public, there may at any time be graffiti present on KNOWPIA.

KNOWPIA's current policy is to include such content, provided it breaches neither any of our existing policies (especially Neutral point of view) nor the laws of the United States. To date, no articles contain warnings.

KNOWPIA is a work in progress, and articles may contain errors, bias, or duplication, or may simply need updating or correcting. We encourage readers to help KNOWPIA fix these problems. The great majority of articles are written primarily or solely by individuals who are not subject matter experts, and may lack academic or professional credentials in the area.

KNOWPIA contains obscure information that would not be covered in a conventional encyclopedia. KNOWPIA's coverage is based on the interests of its volunteer contributors. Readers should not judge the importance of topics based on their coverage in KNOWPIA, nor assume that a topic is important merely because it is the subject of a KNOWPIA article.

Use KNOWPIA At Your Own Risk


Some information on KNOWPIA may create an unreasonable risk for readers who choose to apply or use the information in their own activities or to promote the information for use by third parties.

None of the authors, contributors, administrators, vandals, or anyone else connected with KNOWPIA, in any way whatsoever, can be responsible for your use of the information contained in or linked to or from these web pages.

Please take all steps necessary to ascertain that information you receive from KNOWPIA is correct and verifiable. Check the references (if they exist) at the end of each article. KNOWPIA encourages that content in its web site be cross-referenced through other sources to ensure accuracy and viability. This is valuable in determining if there are possible disputes over content in any given article. Double-check all information with other independent sources.

If an article contains suggestions regarding dangerous, illegal or unethical activities, remember that anyone can post this information on KNOWPIA. The authors of such material may not be qualified to provide complete information including adequate safety precautions and other measures to prevent injury, or other damage to your person, property or reputation. If more specific advice is needed (for example, medical, legal, financial, marital or risk management) please seek a professional licensed or knowledgeable in that area.

KNOWPIA is not uniformly peer reviewed; while readers may correct errors or remove erroneous suggestions, they have no personal obligation or legal responsibility to do so. All information found on the KNOWPIA site is without any implied warranty of fitness for any purpose or use whatsoever.

No consequential damages can be sought against KNOWPIA, as it is a voluntary association of individuals formed to create freely licensed online educational, cultural and informational resources. This information is given gratuitously and there is no agreement or understanding between any one individual or group and KNOWPIA regarding use or modification of this information beyond the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC BY-SA) and the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL)