(Redirectedfrom1840UnitedStatesHouseofRepresentativeselectionsinPennsylvania) Jumptonavigation Jumptosearch ..">

1840 United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania

1840 United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania

Jump to navigation Jump to search
1840 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1838 July 6, 1840 – November 2, 1841 1842 →

All 242 seats to the United States House of Representatives
122 seats were needed for majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader John White John Jones
Party Whig Democratic
Leader's seat Kentucky-9th Virginia-3rd
Last election 109 seats 125 seats
Seats won 142 99[Note 1]
Seat change 33 26

Speaker before election

Robert M. T. Hunter
Whig

Elected Speaker

John White
Whig

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 27th Congress were held at various dates in different states from July 1840 to November 1841.

Voters gave the Whig Party control of the House for the first time. Most Americans experienced the Panic of 1837 as a severe economic downturn. Its perceived mishandling by Democratic President Martin Van Buren fueled new support for alternative economic policies favored by Whigs of which voters had previously been skeptical. Collapse of the Anti-Masonic Party in the late 1830s also drove some third-party incumbents into the Whig Party. Newly elected members included Robert M. T. Hunter, Independent of Virginia,[1] and Zadoc Casey, Independent Democrat of Illinois.[2]

Election summaries

142 1 1 98
Whig I ID Democratic
State Type Date Total
seats
Whig Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana District July 6–8, 1840 3 2 1 1 1
Missouri At-large August 3, 1840 2 0 2
Illinois District August 7, 1840 3 1 2[Note 1]
Vermont District September 4, 1840 5 5 2 0 2
Maine District September 14, 1840 8 4 2 4 2
Arkansas At-large October 5, 1840 1 0 1
Georgia At-large October 6, 1840 9 9 0
South Carolina District October 12–13, 1840 9 1 8
Ohio District October 13, 1840 19 12 4 7 4
Pennsylvania District (25[Note 2]) October 13, 1840 28 13 8 15 2
New York District (33[Note 3]) November 2–4, 1840 40 19 2 21 2
Connecticut District November 3, 1840 6 6 0
Michigan At-large November 3, 1840 1 1 1 0 1
New Jersey At-large November 3, 1840 6 6 5 0 5
Massachusetts District November 9, 1840 12 11 1 1 1
Delaware At-large November 10, 1840 1 1 1 0 1
1841 elections
New Hampshire At-large March 9, 1841 5 0 5
Rhode Island At-large April 21, 1841 2 2 0
Virginia[Note 4] District April 23, 1841 21[Note 4] 10 3 10 2
Kentucky District April 26, 1841 13 11 2
Indiana District May 3, 1841 7 6 4 1 4
Tennessee District May 6, 1841 13 8 1 5 1
North Carolina District May 13, 1841 13 8 3 5 3
Maryland District (7[Note 5]) May 17, 1841 8 6 3 2 3
Alabama At-large[Note 6] May 20, 1841 5 0 2 5 2
Mississippi At-large November 1–2, 1841 2 0 2
Total 242 142
59.5%
33 99[Note 1]
40.9%
26
House seats
Whig
58.68%
Democratic
40.50%
Others
0.82%

The previous election had two minor parties, the Anti-Masonic Party with 6 seats and the Conservative Party (of Virginia) with 2 seats, both of which disappeared in this election.

The 1st session of the 27th Congress began May 31, 1841, before Mississippi had elected Representatives, leaving that State unrepresented until the 2nd session.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Including one Independent Democrat elected to IL-02.
  2. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  3. ^ Includes 5 plural districts
  4. ^ a b Robert M. T. Hunter was elected as an Independent to VA-09, and so is not included in the figures here. Hunter had previously run in earlier elections as a Whig.
  5. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  6. ^ Changed from district

References

  1. ^ Dubin, p. 129; Martis, p. 98; Moore, p. 974.
  2. ^ Dubin, p. 128; Martis, p. 96.

Bibliography

  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
  • Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.

External links



Related Blogs

Loading ...