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1838 United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania

1838 United States House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania

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1838 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1836 July 2, 1838 – November 5, 1839 1840 →

All 242 seats to the United States House of Representatives
122 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader John Jones Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter
Party Democratic Whig
Leader's seat Virginia-3rd Virginia-9th
Last election 128 seats 100 seats
Seats won 125 109
Seat change 3 9

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader Thomas Henry George Washington Hopkins
Party Anti-Masonic Conservative Party of Virginia (1834)
Leader's seat Pennsylvania-22nd Virginia-18th
Last election 7 seats 0 seats
Seats won 6 2
Seat change 1 2

Speaker before election

James K. Polk
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Robert M. T. Hunter
Whig

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 26th Congress were held during President Martin Van Buren's term at various dates in different states from July 1838 to November 1839.

The Panic of 1837 and consequent economic downturn drove Whig gains. President Van Buren had lost popularity and Whig policies of economic nationalism appealed to a larger number of voters. Democrats were able to contain political damage by blaming banks for the crisis. The Anti-Masonic Party, influential in New York, Pennsylvania, and other Northern states, lost seats, while the Southern Nullifier Party disappeared. Two Virginia Representatives were elected as Conservatives, an independent faction.

Early business of the new House reflected the close partisan division. Democrats contested the elections of five newly elected Whig Representatives from New Jersey. Massachusetts Representative John Quincy Adams presided as “chairman” of the House after the Clerk lost control. After 11 ballots, despite the Democratic majority, the House elected a Whig Speaker for the first time, Robert M. T. Hunter of Virginia. The 26th Congress also passed the first Independent Treasury bill.

Election summaries

125 2 6 109
Democratic C AM Whig
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic Whig Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana District July 2–4, 1838 3 0 1 3 1 0
Illinois District August 6, 1838 3 2 1 1 1 0
Missouri At-large August 6, 1838 2 2 0 0
Vermont District September 1, 1838 5 2 1 3 1 0
Maine District September 10, 1838 8 6 2 0
Arkansas At-large October 1, 1838 1 1 0 0
Georgia At-large October 1, 1838 9 0 8 9 8 0
New Jersey At-large October 8, 1838 6 5 5 1 5 0
South Carolina District October 8–9, 1838 9 8 6 1 0 6[Note 1]
Ohio District October 9, 1838 19 11 3 8 3 0
Pennsylvania District (25)[Note 2] October 9, 1838 28 17 5 1 6[Note 3] 1
New York District (33)[Note 4] November 5–7, 1838 40 19 11 21 11 0
Michigan At-large November 6, 1838 1 1 0 0
Massachusetts District November 12, 1838 12 2 10 0
Delaware At-large November 13, 1838 1 1 1 0 1 0
New Hampshire At-large March 12, 1839 5 5 0 0
Connecticut District April 1, 1839 6 0 6 6 6 0
Virginia District May 23, 1839 21 12 3 7 1 2[Note 5] 2
Kentucky District August 1, 1839 13 2 1 11 0 1[Note 6]
Tennessee District August 1, 1839 13 6 3 7 3 0
Alabama District August 5, 1839 5 3 2 0
Indiana District August 5, 1839 7 5 4 2 4 0
North Carolina District August 8, 1839 13 8 3 5 3 0
Rhode Island At-large August 27, 1839 2 0 2 0
Maryland District (7)[Note 7] October 3, 1839 8 5 1 3 1 0
Mississippi At-large November 4–5, 1839 2 2 2 0 2 0
Total[Note 8] 242 125
51.7%
3 109
45.0%
9 8
3.3%
6
House seats
Democratic
51.65%
Whig
45.04%
Anti-Masonic
2.48%
Conservative
0.83%

Complete returns

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[Note 9][1]
Pennsylvania 1 Lemuel Paynter Democratic 1836 Re-elected Lemuel Paynter (D) 55.1%
Joel B. Sutherland (W) 44.9%
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
John Sergeant Whig 1816
1836
Re-elected George W. Toland (W) 69.4%
John Sergeant (W) 69.2%

Joseph R. Evans (D) 30.7%
Samuel Brasnears (D) 30.7%
George W. Toland Whig 1836 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 3 Charles Naylor Whig 1837 (special) Re-elected Charles Naylor (W) 53.1%
Charles J. Ingersoll (D) 46.9%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
Edward Davies Anti-Masonic 1836 Re-elected John Edwards (AM) 57.2%
Edward Davies (AM) 57.0%
Francis James (AM) 57.0%

Joshua Evans, Jr. (D) 43.0%
Reah Frazer (D) 43.0%
Samuel Leiper (D) 42.8%
Edward Darlington Anti-Masonic 1832 Retired
Anti-Masonic hold
David Potts, Jr. Anti-Masonic 1830 Retired
Anti-Masonic hold
Pennsylvania 5 Jacob Fry, Jr. Democratic 1834 Retired
Democratic hold
Joseph Fornance (D) 54.9%
Joseph Royer (W) 45.1%
Pennsylvania 6 Mathias Morris Whig 1834 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
John Davis (D) 51.9%
Mathias Morris (W) 48.1%
Pennsylvania 7 David D. Wagener Democratic 1832 Re-elected David D. Wagener (D) 63.7%
Peter S. Michler (W) 36.3%
Pennsylvania 8 Edward B. Hubley Democratic 1834 Retired
Democratic hold
Peter Newhard (D) 54.5%
Walter C. Livingston (W) 45.5%
Pennsylvania 9 George Keim Democratic 1838 (special) Re-elected George Keim (D) 69.3%
Daniel M. Bieber (W) 30.7%
Pennsylvania 10 Luther Reily Democratic 1836 Retired
Whig gain
William Simonton (W) 59.1%
William Reily (D) 40.9%
Pennsylvania 11 Henry Logan Democratic 1834 Retired
Democratic hold
James Gerry (D) 56.6%
Charles A. Barnitz (W) 43.4%
Pennsylvania 12 Daniel Sheffer Democratic 1836 Lost re-election
Whig gain
James Cooper (W) 55.9%
Daniel Sheffer (D) 44.1%
Pennsylvania 13 Charles McClure Democratic 1836 Retired
Democratic hold
William S. Ramsey (D) 57.3%
Frederick Watts (W) 42.7%
Pennsylvania 14 William W. Potter Democratic 1836 Re-elected William W. Potter (D) 50.9%
William Irvin (W) 49.1%
Pennsylvania 15 David Petrikin Democratic 1836 Re-elected David Petrikin (D) 53.5%
David Hurley (W) 46.5%
Pennsylvania 16 Robert H. Hammond Democratic 1836 Re-elected Robert H. Hammond (D) 56.6%
James Morrill (W) 43.4%
Pennsylvania 17 Samuel W. Morris Democratic 1836 Re-elected Samuel W. Morris (D) 54.2%
William Willard (W) 45.8%
Pennsylvania 18 Charles Ogle Anti-Masonic 1836 Re-elected Charles Ogle (AM) 55.9%
Job Mann (D) 44.1%
Pennsylvania 19 John Klingensmith, Jr. Democratic 1832 Retired
Democratic hold
Albert G. Marchand (D) 60.9%
Joseph Markle (W) 39.1%
Pennsylvania 20 Andrew Buchanan Democratic 1832 Retired
Democratic hold
Enos Hook (D) 62.4%
Fideleo Hughes (W) 37.6%
Pennsylvania 21 Thomas M. T. McKennan Anti-Masonic 1830 Retired
Democratic gain
Isaac Leet (D) 50.1%
Joseph Lawrence (W) 49.9%
Pennsylvania 22 Richard Biddle Anti-Masonic 1836 Re-elected Richard Biddle (AM) 58.1%
James Power (D) 41.9%
Pennsylvania 23 William Beatty Democratic 1836 Re-elected William Beatty (D) 61.5%
George W. Smith (W) 38.5%
Pennsylvania 24 Thomas Henry Anti-Masonic 1836 Re-elected Thomas Henry (AM) 54.7%
James D. White (D) 45.3%
Pennsylvania 25 Arnold Plumer Democratic 1836 Retired
Democratic hold
John Galbraith (D) 51.2%
David Dick (W) 48.8%

In the 3rd district, Charles Naylor's election was unsuccessfully contested by Charles J. Ingersoll.[2]

There were three special elections in Pennsylvania during the 26th Congress.[3] The first was in the 14th district caused by the death of William W. Potter (D) on October 28, 1839. This vacancy was filled by George McCulloch (D). The second was in the 22nd district caused by the resignation of Richard Biddle. This vacancy was filled by Henry M. Brackenridge (W). The third was in the 13th district caused by the death of William S. Ramsey (D) on October 17, 1840. Ramsey had also been re-elected to the 27th Congress and so an additional special election was held the following May to fill the vacancy in the 27th Congress.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nullifiers
  2. ^ Includes two plural districts, one with three Representatives
  3. ^ Anti-Masons
  4. ^ Includes five plural districts, one with four Representatives
  5. ^ Conservatives
  6. ^ Independent joined Whigs
  7. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  8. ^ Does not foot state results listed above due to 1838 Mississippi special election
    Total reflects https://history.house.gov/Congressional-Overview/Profiles/26th/
  9. ^ For plural districts, percent is based on assumption that each voter cast as many votes as there are seats

References

  1. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  2. ^ "Twenty-Sixth Congress (membership roster) – see footnote 42" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2013-01-14.
  3. ^ "Twenty-Sixth Congress (membership roster) – see footnotes 43-48" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2013-01-14.

Bibliography

External links



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